Apart from advantages, there are also some side effects which the patient might face after having various different type of brain therapies. Here we are going to discuss the relating side effects generated after treatment of several brain therapies :
- Side Effects Of Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
Generally the most commonly side effects faced by an individual after ECT are :
- Pain in head
- Upset stomach
- Aches in muscles
- Loss of memory
Some patients are found to face problems in remembering especially those memories which they experienced during the time of therapy. Also, sometimes the memory loss gets severe which improves gradually after days or weeks with the ending of ECT courses. Researchers have concluded that the memory problems are experienced in a specific type of ECT known as bilateral ECT, in which the therapy is done by placing electrodes on both sides of the scalp.
Whereas, in unilateral ECT the electrodes are placed only at one side of scalp, normally the right side which is opposite side of where the brain is and of memory areas. Therefore, unilateral ECT has less chances of resulting in memory problems and is preferred by a number of doctors as well as patients.
- Side Effects of Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) Therapy
The Vagus Nerve Stimulation therapy is not done without any risk factor. The patient might face a lot of complications like infections where the pulse generator is implanted surgically, or the generator may get loose, roam around or malfunction resulting in requirement of additional surgery to alter the problems. Even after another surgery some patients experience no benefit and others actually experience more worse symptoms than before. Other side effects include :
- Patient might experience hoarseness or a change in voice tone
- One might undergo a soaring throat or coughing
- Pain in neck is also experienced
- Patient might not feel comfortable or feel tangling in the area where the pulse generator was implanted
- Breathing problems which gets worse during exercise
- Difficulty in swallowingSide Effects Of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) therapy
Side effects of rTMS includes uncomfortability of some patients on the side of head where magnet is places. There are chances that during the therapy, the muscles around jaw, scalp or face may contact or tingle. Severe headaches for a shorter period of time of light headaches for a long time may result after therapy. Seizures are also expected to be caused after procedure is done. Two largely acceptable studies done on a large scale about rTMS found that most of the side effects, like headache or discomfort inside the scalp were moderate although generation of seizures was not found.
- Side Effects Of Magnetic Seizure Therapy (MST)
MST carries approximately the same side effects like ECT as both therapies are done by use of anesthesia. Researches on both animals and humans found that MST results in :
- Fewer side effects regarding memory
- Generation of seizures
But it allows shorter recovery time as compared to ECT.
Brain therapies are no doubt helpful in stimulating and improving the functioning of brain but there are also some side effects of these therapies which cannot be neglected.